Abstract of Monograph

Hemispheric Integration and the Ears
A Scientific and Inclusive Paradigm of Human Behaviour
including the Mild and Severe Forms of Mental Illness

by

Laurna Tallman

This monograph, which extracts the science from Daniel’s story in Listening for the Light for the convenience of busy professionals, can be obtained for $40.00 plus mailing costs at: http://www.northernlightbooks.ca

Abstract and Summary

The author analyzes schizophrenic and other aberrant behaviours in a new paradigm that places the etiology of these “mental” illnesses in the ear. Her observations of her son’s vacillating cognition and other symptoms over the 11 years of his recurring episodes of schizophrenia, which she analyzed according to Dr. V.S. Ramachandran’s discovery of the disparate propensities of the two cerebral hemispheres and Dr. Alfred Tomatis’s discovery that the ear has neurological control of the voice (the Tomatis Effect, 1957), led the author to define her son’s schizophrenia as a condition of non-dominance between the cerebral hemispheres creating extremely low hemispheric integration, a result of assaults on his right middle ear that damaged the stapedius muscle so that the inner ear could not process particular frequencies of sound. His dyslexic syndrome responded to the application of The Tomatis Method in 1997. On two occasions, long episodes of schizophrenia were terminated (2005–6; 2008) through the application to his right ear of high-frequency sound: i.e., by his listening to CDs of classical violin music with headphones. The recovery process was enhanced by his colouring circular designs (mandalas) and creating spontaneous art, sometimes within circular frames.

The author also noticed that the behavioural phases her son passed through when developing schizophrenia were the same phases he passed through in reverse order when he was recovering from episodes as long as a year or more of schizophrenia. Those behavioural phases were characterized by the syndromes of bipolar I, bipolar II, obsessive–compulsive behaviours, depression, dyslexia, then normal behaviours. Daily focused listening produced increasing facility with language; self-control; rationality; realistic perceptions of external reality; complexity in language, nuanced emotional prosody; soundness of judgement in decision-making; improvement in vision (the ability to focus; loss of nystagmus) that reduced hallucination; improved disequilibrium; reduced mania; increased ability to attend; lengthened duration of short-term memory; improved sociability; expanded capacity for understanding and creating humour; and increasingly normal conceptions of the self. However, the condition of fully normal behaviour appeared very suddenly when his left-brain dominance became self-sustaining through flexible stapedius muscle reactivity to his voice and to ambient sound, which also gave him the normal measure of volitional control of his ear. The author hypothesizes specific and distinctive ranges of audio-processing deficits corresponding to those (and other) identifiable patterns of behaviour, such as the deficit profiles discovered by Dr. Guy Bérard (Hearing Equals Behaviour, 39–51).

The author concludes that concomitant with the Tomatis Effect, Wernicke’s area processes the morphemes received from the right ear in an order that is interrupted in schizophrenia due to alternating hemispheric dominance caused by stapedius dystonia and not through some intrinsic incapacity of Wernicke’s area. That is, the larynx can only produce the order of sounds and words (as well as frequencies) via Wernicke’s and Broca’s areas that the temporal lobe receives from the ears. In sum, the inability to produce rationally ordered language and the lack of emotional prosody symptomatic of schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorders and the other symptoms of “mental” illness have their etiology in middle- and inner ear dysfunction. Furthermore, since Daniel has learned to protect and care for his ears, exercising them frequently with music and reducing their exposure to such assaults as loud sound and psychoactive substances (including medications), he has had no symptoms of schizophrenia. Thus, the author replaces speculative models of schizophrenia with a scientific paradigm of hemispheric non-integration with measurable parameters.

The author’s paradigm corrects, expands, and explains aspects of the ear in healing processes not understood by Dr. Alfred Tomatis and Dr. Guy Bérard. It explains states and degrees of human consciousness as dependent on the ability of the right middle and inner ear, in particular of the stapedius muscle, not only to process high-frequency sound but also to maintain left-hemispheric dominance and to adjust levels of dominance under the semi-conscious control of the stapedius muscle by the left brain. In people with ears that can process sound normally, that mechanism optimizes the integration of the two hemispheres of the brain to produce socialized behaviour within “the range of normal.” Inclusive of the full spectrum of normal and aberrant ear-related human behaviour, this new paradigm explains the dominance of the left hemisphere as the seat of language, reasoning, choice, volition, self-control, belief, lateralization, and optimal hemispheric integration, which, under the control of the right ear, permits access to the holistic and fluid memories and other distinctive types of awareness of the right brain to produce emotional prosody in the voice, solve problems, produce creative arts, mine the subconscious memory  in the right brain, and access concepts of future time. Unconscious and semi-conscious control of the right stapedius muscle produces the full range of states of consciousness, from intense alertness in the left brain to drowsiness and day-dreaming in reduced integration to the more fully right-brained consciousness of the subconscious, mystic states, sleep, and the dreams that most closely resemble the hemispheric non-dominant state of schizophrenic consciousness.

Keywords: ear; music therapy; cerebral hemispheres; cerebral dominance; schizophrenia;         dyslexia; bipolarity; depression; obsession; addiction; states of consciousness; lateralization

Hemispheric Integration and the Ears is available at http://www.northernlightbooks.ca


Contents

Abstract…..5

Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………………. 7

The Tomatis Effect…..7

The Tomatis Method…..7

Listening Centres and AIT…..8

I — Daniel’s History of Ear Impairment………………………………………………………. 9

Daniel’s Listening Intervention…..9

Daniel’s First Psychotic Break…..10

Daniel’s Learning and Social Development…..13

Learning to Read Again / 13

Writing…..14

Self-Control with Alcohol / 14

II — The Search for Healing………………………………………………………………………18

Neuroleptic Medications     18

Music plus Art     21

Daniel’s 2008 Episode of Schizophrenia     22

Reduced Medication / 22

Listening to High-Frequency Music / 23

Listening to Gregorian Chant / 23

Singing and Playing the Guitar / 23

Circular Art / 23

Alternating Levels of Cognition     23

III — Discovering the Neurology of Schizophrenia…………………………………………25

The State of Psychiatric Art and Science     25

The Neurology of Schizophrenia     25

The Spectrum of Ear-Related Behaviour     31

Wired for Sound and Time    33

Bipolarity     34

IV — The Disease of Non-Laterality…………………………………………………………..35

A New Foundation     35

Hallucinations / 35

Schizophrenia’s Right Brain Phase / 38

Morality / 38

The Normal and Unusual Routes of Sound     41

Hearing with the Left Ear / 41

The Organizing Effects of Sound     42

Co-Ordinating both Halves of the Body / 42

Endowing Experience with Meaning     43

How do we measure sound?     43

How do we process sound?     43

How does sound affect other parts of the body?   44

How does sound control language>     44

Compulsions and a Sense of What Is Important     45

How do addicts and schizophrenics experience time?     45

Addictions feed on right-brain states of consciousness     45

Emotional Prosody—and Body Control     46

The Right Brain’s Influence     47

Desire versus Capability in Behaviour      48

Hemispheric Dysintegration and Related Behaviours     48

Hyperacusis / 49

V — Language Patterns in Psychosis………………………………………………………….52

Daniel’s Language Patterns in Psychosis                 52

The Inability to Make Choices—Loss of Volition               55

Complexity in Language Patterns     56

Rationality and the Belief System     57

Confirming the Neurology of Non-Dominance     58

VI — Testing the Paradigm against Psychiatric Theory………………………………..59

Daniel’s Schizophrenic Symptoms     59

The Four-Chambered Model of Language Production     59

Broca’s and Wernicke’s Speech Aphasias     60

The Shape of the Brain     60

Engrams: The Loci of Perceptions, Feelings, and Thoughts     61

Interrupted Sounds and Spoken Thoughts     62

Modulated Speech      65

When Right Lateralization Fails     65

Memory, Attention, and Left-Brain Dominance     66

Mood and Muscle Myopathy     67

Conclusion     68

Appendix: Facilitating Hemispheric Re-Integration:

Daniel’s Integrative Work, 2008…………………………………………….69

Notes………………………………………………………………………………………………………..94

5 Responses to Abstract of Monograph

  1. Laurna,

    I will be ordering your monograph and your book. Is this thesis original with you?
    That is, the connection between healthy and unhealthy mental states and inner ear health and states?
    Susan.

  2. WildRose says:

    Thank you for your enthusiastic response, Susan. My work builds on aspects of the knowledge of the ear discovered by Dr. Alfred Tomatis. My observations of Daniel during his episodes of schizophrenia were independent of anything I knew of the Tomatis Method because during those years I was not aware of a relationship between his dyslexia that had been healed through the Tomatis Method of music stimulation and his symptoms of psychosis. Only after I had made my own discoveries regarding cerebral non-dominance did I return to Madaule’s writing about Tomatis. Until I finished my book manuscript I had not read Tomatis’s writing, which was a good test of my own research because I found aspects of it confirmed in his books. I also found his teaching about the neurology of the body relative to the influence of the ear helpful in correcting the neurology I had learned from others who knew less than Tomatis about the ear.
    As far as I know, I am the first person to draw both Tomatis’s and Bérard’s findings together with my own into a comprehensive paradigm of human behaviour, including the extreme behaviours of mental illness. States of consciousness, including sleep, dreams, the subconscious, mystic states, as well as high alertness and creativity, are not theorized by Tomatis although I consider all such alterations in consciousness to be under the control of or created by losses of control of the stapedius muscle of the middle ear.

  3. Alan says:

    Hi Laurna,
    We exchanged some comments on Ron Unger’s site and I am moving the discussion here in response to his request to take it out of there.

    While I am intrigued by your postulations I remain in a place where I am reluctant to subscribe to your theory recognizing the theory lacks proof. I believe you indicated that you had conclusive proof yet having glanced over your blog I don’t readily see any evidence of it.

    More importantly, I wonder how Daniel is doing now and what he is applying himself to?

    I have considered a number of potential theories with respect to the etiology of psychosis. In addition to my autoimmune theory I have also been caught up with glutamate (actively being pursued in the research lab), and have also postulated that something goes awry during the maturation of the individual’s cognitive complexity. This latter theory was derived from some previous exposure I had to Dr. Elliott Jaques, a Canadian psychoanalyst and OD expert who observed that living organisms experience a predictable maturation process with respect to their cognitive capability and that one’s cognitive capability has a relationship with the discretionary time span within which they can rationalize cause and effect sequences.

    The problem is while all of these theories are interesting, and some may be highlighted as relevant if and when the cause for psychosis is finally unravelled, they offer considerable distraction, and little that can be applied in a concrete manner to resolve the problem.

    What resonates with me most is that psychosis is simply a natural human response in the presence of environmental stimuli brought on by stress and the inability to cope for these individuals. The individual cannot distinguish relatedness with self, others, and the occurring world, sees no possibility and therefore breaks with “reality” and seeks solace/ defense in an altered state. To the extent that this defense system allows the individual to continue to function until his or her problem works itself out we might conclude it serves a useful purpose. It may not be something that immediately requires “fixing” if the individual offers no threat to himself or to others.

    My view is talk therapy offers the best prospect for recovery and that chemicals emitted by the brain have the ability both to bring on the problem and to resolve it.

    In the end I am inclined to agree with Ron in as much as he suggests that the whole issue is not very black and white and in fact is very complex no doubt with a significant number of factors influencing the outcome. I suggest that we humans have a very limited understanding of ourselves, and a point that I suggest may be relevant from my own autoimmune theory is that we appear to only be able to rationalize the symptomatic responses within distinct body systems when an understanding of the human being needs to be viewed in respect of the whole organism and the interrelationships among distinct systems of body, mind, spirituality, socialization, the effects of belief systems and values, etc. etc. and the effects these have on the biological processes that prevail with the species.

    • WildRose says:

      Hi, Alan,
      I appreciate the thought, and no doubt suffering, that informs your comments.

      Daniel’s schizophrenia, in my opinion, was drug-induced. He also had an underlying problem, dyslexia, that assisted his further hemispheric dys-integration. He had used enough illicit drugs, however, to produce psychosis in anyone. One psychiatrist told me his schizophrenia was induced by the music intervention at The Listening Centre in Toronto, although she had access to my notes that showed he had experienced psychosis prior to that intervention. I address those issues very thoroughly in my book. Daniel’s symptoms of schizophrenia, however he came about them, were the classic symptoms of schizophrenia. At the time of his diagnosis he had been seen by half a dozen psychiatrists and he saw others as an outpatient. His diagnosis was not in dispute by any of them. However, it was in question as far as I was concerned because I did not know if there might be a difference between spontaneous schizophrenia and drug-induced schizophrenia. I have resolved that issue to my satisfaction. I cannot reproduce that argument here because it is one of the subtexts running the length of my book.

      I did not understand for a very, very long time the extent of the ignorance of psychiatry regarding schizophrenia, which you further attest to in your comment. Medical science has applied a word to a syndrome of behaviours that they do not understand. They don’t know the etiology. They only recognize the behaviours. They cannot explain the behaviours. They look at a post mortem schizophrenic brain and notice anomalies they cannot explain. These days, though, the behaviours are crushed (and enhanced) by medications more often than not. So NO ONE is actually studying the behaviour of a fully psychotic and unmedicated schizophrenic any longer, which is what I happened to do simply because I knew the meds were harming Daniel and I refused to do that. I preferred to tolerate the very scary behaviour and the family, including my husband, found that extremely difficult. The result, quite unintentionally, was that I learned MORE about schizophrenic behaviour than is currently known by psychiatrists. The “locked in” mindset of people thinking they are going to find an “answer” to schizophrenia in a laboratory is as rational as my thinking I can find the “answer” to a shortage of beef in the freezer by looking at the apple trees. Schizophrenia is not an organic disease; it is the result of a misdirection of the energy of sound. The problem is a problem in physics, not chemistry, although it undoubtedly affects the body’s chemistry. And you can see what the problem is by watching a psychotic person if you understand the physics. And you can remedy the problem as easily as you can correct faulty vision, which is a problem in the physics of light entering the eye, if you understand the physics of sound entering the ear. I have explained schizophrenic behaviour in terms of the effects of sound on the nervous system.

      You ask for proofs. If I could arraign witnesses to Daniel’s condition during his episodes of schizophrenia and to his condition now would that persuade you? I have written a book; a monograph that skims the science from the long, sad, yet triumphant, story; and a paper analyzing the side effects of SSRIs relative to ear damage. I cannot reproduce my observations, tables, footnotes, etc. in posts, although some days I am essentially rewriting my book for people who seem reluctant to purchase it. I do not pretend that it is an easy read, especially Chapters 11-13, so I try to give to people who write to me the parts of my published work they most need. A person recovering from SSRI damage is not particularly interested in reading Daniel’s story, for example, and may not find my analysis of fellow-sufferers useful; she just wants to know how to try a focused listening program to see if that will help her vertigo and I try to support her in her intent.

      We felt, on the basis of things Daniel said prior to his last psychotic break, that it would be an invasion of his privacy to make videos or audio recordings of him during psychosis. Only a few family photos indicate his mental condition to the experienced observer. Since then, I have wondered if videoing him during that last severely schizophrenic episode might have been the most effective way of motivating Daniel away from the lifestyle that tends to expose him to substances that cause prevalent psychosis. It is impossible for a person experiencing psychosis to know what his or her behaviour looks like to others. And once the episode of psychosis has ended, memory of the episode is sketchy at best — a fact of neurology I explain in detail elsewhere. Even writing about him, however, constitutes an invasion of privacy he finds embarrassing and that provides some of that kind of motivation for his not “going there” again; he has agreed that perhaps that level of humiliation (i.e., my writing about him) is tolerable if it will help others. Which is the same generous response as that of his oldest sister when I sought her permission to publish a book that exposes her private life, “OK, I guess; if it will help Dan.” He has given explicit permission to use his father’s photo of him on this site and on the cover of the book (he was close to recovery from schizophrenia at the time the photo was taken) and to use his real name in my writing about him. Certainly, if I had such a video now to show you and then put him online to you with a videocam (which I do not have) you could make the comparisons and see the night-to-day differences in his behaviour.

      Personal encounters aside, my writing about Daniel stands as a testament to his full recovery from schizophrenia. He has been entirely symptom-free since the end of November, 2008. Stronger than the motivation of humiliation was his discovery, thanks to my learning, that he could control his mental state by taking good care of his ears. I can have his father email you with his assurances of my honesty and could call on friends and other family members in a similar fashion. As Daniel could not socialize during psychosis, there are few witnesses to call outside of a few very close friends and family members or his doctor. But, somehow, I don’t think it is my honesty that you are questioning when you call for proofs. I think you cannot conceive of someone who has been severely mentally ill becoming completely normal because you have never seen that happen; and you also have not encountered anyone else who has seen that happen. Furthermore, you have been told by highly educated people who purport to “help” psychotic persons that it cannot be done (because they do not know how) and you have been provided with very extensive “this is as good as it gets” rationalizations for that sorry state of affairs. Your doubt is fully understandable! Nevertheless, I am telling you that they are mistaken. Quite terribly so. And I have assembled the data and reputable references to show you why they do not know how to heal because they have been looking for answers in every place but the right one: the ear. At the moment, human knowledge about the ear is at approximately the same stage as human knowledge about the eye was at during the late 1600s. That state of ignorance is about to change.

      You want to assess Daniel’s recovery. Obviously, the healing of the ears that restores normal integration to the cerebral hemispheres does NOT confer the social experiences and formal learning that has been missed. Consider the child with severe astigmatism of the eyes in the days before prescription lenses routinely were used for young children. That little girl was my sister. Her learning in the first two grades of school was severely inhibited by her inability to see letters properly. An “o” looked like a “c” and a “b” looked like an “l.” Once her problem was noticed by her teacher and properly ground lenses corrected her vision, she could learn to read easily and her learning curve shot upward. Nevertheless, my parents continued to think of her as less intelligent than she really was because for the first seven years of her life her perceptions were blurred and her responsiveness to them was blurry. Similarly, stimulating Daniel’s ears with music and thereby endowing him with left-brain dominance and the capacity for learning facts and ideas and developing self-control does not automatically make him a model of self-control or give him four years of college learning and social experience. He tends to become frustrated much more quickly than his brothers, for example. His voice sometimes rises in a discussion, especially with a family member, and an argument may become heated, but usually not so much so that I cannot continue the discussion through to resolution. If Daniel drinks alcohol or uses some other substance that tends to undermine self-control, he can be unpleasant and snarly if criticized for what he is doing, as I am prone to do. Daniel is much less likely to have a heated discussion or lose his temper with friends. Increasingly, as you can see from these examples, when Daniel decides on a course of action he follows through on it. His addiction to what he smokes is his only health problem.

      During the first year following his recovery of normal ear and brain function he, first, read a lot (Dec-Jan), then (Feb-Mar), he planned a huge garden (we live on a farm property), which involved starting over 300 plants in the sunroom and then following through on all that such gardening entails through to the harvest and preserving of the harvest (Sept-Oct). That may give you the impression that he was only capable of limited intellectual behaviour and that all he could do was press seeds into peat pots and push a tiller and boil tomatoes. Nothing could be further from the truth: he read up on the kinds of vegetables and plants he wanted, hunted for the organic and heritage seeds he wanted online, chose the various plots of land for what he knew about the nutrients in the soil and other factors, and fought a running negotiation with his father who likes to practice chip shots in the section of the lawn Daniel wanted to till under. Dan prevailed. He also read Thomas More’s Utopia and Karl Marx’s Das Kapital and Plato’s Republic among other books and discussed them with us and his brother. He took a large share of the responsibility for providing two houses with the wood needed for fuel for the winter and spring. Again, that sounds like an unintellectual chunk of work, but it represents a capacity for caring about the welfare of others, giving back to people who have given greatly to him, keeping to a routine of responsible work, and taking on healthy outdoor activity, all of which behaviours are in sharp contrast to the values of the subculture he had been involved with.

      He spent a month in Ireland (Nov-Dec) following up an Internet friendship with a young woman (that had taught him to type proficiently by the hunt-and-peck method), who decided after his return that she could not contemplate emigrating. He managed the disappointment well, we think. He again moved out of our house that winter to his younger brother’s house on the same road, which was a mixed blessing because Daniel was still very careless about his personal space and his brother is a neatnik. Other issues pertaining to changes in the family and cultural-specific problems are too complex and personal to relate here, but Daniel survived all of the upheaval without going back to using the kind of drugs that had made him psychotic.

      This area has few opportunities for young people to find work, which is challenging in multiple ways. During the early spring Daniel and his brother tapped a few trees in our maple bush and produced perhaps 10 quarts of maple syrup from the many gallons of sap they collected. They learned enough to start a business in maple syrup, but that would entail start-up capital no one has at present. Both young men have advanced carpentry and building skills; they built the sunroom that is my office. It has a timber structure and continuous windows from west to east and doors at either end, a tile floor, stone steps, and a roofed deck at the east end. You can see from these examples that Daniel and his brother could become more entrepreneurial with some financial backing.

      When Dan’s brother formed a partnership with a young woman who has a little girl, he naturally needed full use of his house, so, during the fall Daniel returned to the apartment in our large farmhouse in preference to taking a room in the nearby village. He has a disability income that doesn’t pay for much and he is more interested in pursuing school and his girlfriend than in trying to find paying work in a community that has little to offer. However, he is as entirely independent in his apartment as he was when he was living away and we have no more involvement in his life, as parents, than we have with his brother. As I write, he is using a chainsaw to fell several small trees for wood for the stoves, which is his continuing contribution to the maintenance of the household.

      Shortly after settling back into his apartment in this house, Daniel began the first semester of a high-school equivalency course at a local community college 30 miles away. He had last been in school at the Grade 10 level (and very problematically so) back in 1998-9. The beer on campus and the company he keeps are significant problems, in my view, but he managed to keep up his course work adequately and completed the semester. Like anyone with a history of low-hemispheric dominance, he learns most forms of self-control the hard way and a new social setting full of temptations away from the central purpose of schooling was challenging. He navigated his way through that situation with a fair level of success.

      Lacking the money to continue his course during January (it costs $200 or more per month for bus fare, which is a quarter of his income), he expects to register again starting in February, as the intake for the course is at the beginning of each month. Daniel has had an Internet girlfriend for many months who visited him from the US over the New Year and who plans to return. Daniel’s brain function is in every way normal and you would notice him as different from his friends only in the more intellectual cast to his thinking and perhaps ideals and his superior command of English. His social achievement (not development) has been strongly impacted by his “disappearance” from normal socializing during his episodes of schizophrenia and his self-esteem has been affected by the various forms of abuse to which he has been subjected, first because of his dyslexia and second because of his psychosis (the abuse taking place primarily in hospital but also by ignorance in the family and community). He spent the part of the ten years of his illness when he was not psychotic very frequently in the company of people in the local drug subculture and that influence persists although it no longer prevails. For those reasons, he is socially more like a person in his late teens or early 20s than in his early 30s; he simply has not yet experienced finishing high school, having a long-term, full-time job, or being married and having a family—as most of his age peers likely have.

      Among Daniel’s other skills, abilities, and interests: he is an excellent cook; has warm sociability; has a great love of animals and has two dogs; displays good manners (not always to family members); has a great sense of style in clothing; is intensely interested in history and political issues; he has compassion for the less fortunate and a strong sense of social justice; he has a keen interest in spiritual and religious matters; he is proficient at cottage sports such as swimming, canoeing, fishing, hiking, and camping; he has considerable experience with carpentry, stonework, woodworking and finishing; he enjoys film, music, playing his guitar alone or with friends and making art, although he has not done much of the latter for some time.

      Daniel’s predominant goal, at present, is to get a university education and he has taken the first steps in that direction with the high-school equivalency course. Whether other factors, such as the development of his friendship with the young American woman, will encourage or redirect that goal remains to be seen.

      It is not at all true that nothing much can be applied in a concrete manner to resolve the problem of schizophrenia, if that is what you meant. High-frequency music has been shown in tens of thousands of cases to alter behaviour ranging from dyslexia and chronic fatigue syndrome to bipolarity and autism. Autism is simply the infant form of schizophrenia. I have shown categorically that schizophrenia can be healed with high-frequency sound. As I am intellectually driven, I did the research necessary to explain the healing I had witnessed more than once in someone diagnosed as hopelessly schizophrenic, and many times in people with diagnoses lower in the spectrum of ear-related brain dysfunction. I have done the research. I have shown that the etiology of ALL human behaviour is relative to the functional capacity of the right ear and that the range of so-called mental illnesses are phases on that continuum.

      Do you wear glasses? Do you know people who could not see to walk safely across a room without theirs? Can you imagine life in the days before corrected vision? A vast industry has grown up around people with audio-processing deficits because no one has recognized the elementary nature of the problem and the simplicity of correcting it. We live in an age when the “lenses” for the ears that will correct behaviour are the CDs of violin music and the headphones available in your local big box or electronics store. You don’t really need proof from me; you can read about the transformations of people with audio-processing deficits at Sharon Rubens’s site, at the Tomatis Method and Berard AIT sites, in books written and edited by Annabel Stehli. I have been able to drawn those disparate healings into an theoretical paradigm because I noticed something about schizophrenia others had overlooked: non-dominance, the absence of left-hemispheric dominance. I hope Daniel’s story will provide some signposts for people who want to correct the audio-processing deficits that cause most forms of aberrant behaviour.

  4. Alan says:

    Thanks for your comprehensive response.

    Many of your assumptions in respect of my outlook for resolving psychosis are incorrect. In fact, I have seen my own son recover from a state of despair, laregly induced by neuroleptic drugs, and his own helplessness in distinguishing possibility in his life. He was “normal” for two years, attended post secondary business studies, with honours, full time and I was certain he was completely out of the woods.

    His living situation with me changed (I relocated from Toronto to Montreal) and his “full” recovery deteriorated. I have since relocated him to Montreal in an apartment near my home.

    Courtenay Harding has performed long term follow up on individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia and has observed that twenty years later about half of those diagnosed did not experience symptoms and this group also had not taken psychiatric drugs. Otherwise, there was nothing significant in their treatment, and many had not been treated at all.

    In my son’s case, I too had postulated that the origin of his problem was drug induced. He had used marijuana heavily and extensively before his first psychosis. I don’t think we can be certain whether the drugs are an attempt to self medicate the symptoms or whether the use of drugs are the catalyst for the onset of schizophrenia. Certainly, with some subsequent psychosis illicit drugs were not a factor and in the case of his most recent psychotic break (that followed two years of “normal” functioning) neither illicit nor prescripton drugs were a factor because he had taken neither for the full two year period.

    I am not questioning the honesty with which you communicate your beliefs. I have requested, and have failed to observe, any evidence of scientific proof to support your hypothesis. I appreciate it is no easy task as I could not advance any proof to support any of my hypothesis either. As indicated, I have simply reconciled the dilemma by applying my energy to supporting remediation of my son’s symptoms and to inspiring him to again pick himself up from his own disappointment and continue to move forward. In the last instance he was not hospitalized, has not been medicated, and in my opinion has grown in his ability to manage the condition. I am optimistic that this will all aid further in a recovery that has greater permanancy to it.

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